Games at Twilight

For our Literature’s weekly virtual period we had to analyse a short story we had already read called “Games at Twilight” by Anita Desai. Here is the work that we did with Trini Torrendell.

Task 1: choose 10  quotes to analyze deep.

 

  • …a poor, ruined and conquered city.

 

This quote is from the moment in which Ravi describes the shed that he  is going to hide into, que describes it as a “poor” and “ruined” because inside the shed was full of rat holes, and spider webs, buckets with holes, and other valueless things that they owned. His mother only went inside the shed once a year, to fix the rat holes and remove the spider webs. Also he describes the shed as a “conquered city” because it had citizens of its, some of whom were the spiders and rats.

 

  • …everything was still curtained and shuttered in a way that stifled the children, made them feel that their lungs were stuffed with cotton wool and their noses with dust…

 

This quote belong to the first paragraph of the story, is the introduction. In the paragraph we are told that the children’s mother wouldn’t let them go outside to play in the hot day, they were stuck inside the house, all of the blinds were shut, windows were closed, and they felt as “their lungs were stuffed with cotton wool and their noses with dust”. This phrase is to describe how the children were feeling in the hot day, they were dying basically, it was disgusting to feel the heat up their nose and down their lungs.

 

  • …he had been forgotten, left out and he would not join them now.

 

This quote is from the final paragraph of the story. Ravi is feeling the ignominy of being forgotten. He cannot face it. He refuses to play with the other children to the funeral game, he wanted a victory, but he was so blinded by the feeling of it, that he actually forgot what he had to do to achieve it. Now he won’t play with the other children, he just laid on the grass, seeing his triumph fade away like a bad memory.

 

  • …his voice broke with rage and pity at the disgrace of it all and he felt himself flooded with tears and misery.

 

This quote is from the moment in which Ravi comes out of the shed to claim he’s longed for victory, the moment he had been playing over and over in his head. But when he makes it through to the veranda and finally calls out his triumph, he realizes that the children were no longer playing hide and seek, they had changed the game, forgotten about him. It was as if his dream was thrown into the floor and crushed. He couldn’t believe, let alone face it. This quote shows exactly that feeling, the disgrace and the pity, the misery and pain of not having won.

 

  • All this time no one had remembered Ravi.

 

This is when we are told that throughout the long hours that Rvi had been hiding in the shed, thinking about how to claim his victory, his family had moved on with their lives as any other ordinary afternoon, and no one had even noticed that he was missing. The children had ended and started many games, the parents had come back from work, washed their car, watered the plants. And when Ravi came out from his hiding to realize that no one had even noticed him gone, he couldn’t believe it. That moment is where this quote is taking us, to when Ravi realized he had been forgotten by his family.

  • He hugged his knees together and smiled to himself almost shyly at the thought of so much victory, such laurels.

In this quote he imagine the sensation of winning this war in hide and seek and because of it he started feeling the adrenaline of the victory. He also thought about overcome his opponents specially Raghu who was the oldest one and this is why he started feeling this excitement and was very anxious about it. All that he wanted at this part of the story was to try that taste of victory and feel superior to others by showing his abilities in this game which was very important for him. He wanted to prove that he could do it!

 

  • Ravi shook, then shivered with delight, with self-congratulation.

 

This quote described Ravi’s feeling at the middle of the story. It says that Ravi was a little bit scared but also happy because he hide in an interesting place where it was difficult to be seen. He was a little bit nervous because of the adrenaline of run and hide in some other place as he had the risk that he could be seen. He was feeling the victory as he could hide in an another place. This place was a little bit dark and with some insects but it was a very intelligent position for the game and he was very brave for running up the there and risking his life.

 

  • The scent of earth receiving water, slaking its thirst in great gulps and releasing that green scent of freshness, coolness.

 

This quote describes the the moment of the twilight and it admired how is nature formed by and Ali think it showed the part of every story when the end is coming soon and something would change everything as it is all the scenery relax and quiet. This was the moment when Ravi realized the time of the day it was as he would see the twilight and it’s show. Victory was so near that he could also feel it! The end was coming and he was prepared for it !

 

 

  • What fun if they were all found and caught – he alone left unconquered!

 

This phrase took part of Ravi’s objective in this game. He wanted to win! But not sharing the victory with another partner, he wished to be the only champion in this game and have all the triumph and happiness for himself. This quote showed how awesome it would be if all his opponents ,who ,by the way were his brothers and sisters, were caught and lose the game. If this happened he would have more chances to win and he will be invictus. This quote also shows how a kid always wants to win and how he would find his own happiness just by winning a game against his family without receiving any material prize, only honor and triumph.

 

  • He wanted victory and triumph- not a funeral.

 

In this quote we can see that the narrator is describing Ravi’s thoughts. He didn’t want to be a loser. He wanted to win this game. When you are a kid games like hide and seek are taking very seriously, in this case the protagonist saw this game as if it was life or death. If Ravi wins he will be safe and with triumph and honor but if he lose this game he will be death and having a “funeral”. This thoughts helped him to continue playing  

Task 2: Focus on the theory of Rite of Passage and write a paragraph commenting on this.

The theory of rite of Passage consists of five elements, the first one being the object of desire that the protagonist cannot get, in our case for Ravi the object he could not obtain was the victory, the possibility to defeat Raghu. The second element is “trespassing” when the children go outside and play in the veranda despite of the fact that their mother told them they could not do so. The third element is the “dare or challenge” which in our case is the entering of Ravi to the shed, despite of it being a dark and scary place. The fourth element in Rite of Passage is the “mischief” that should be owned up, but we do not see this element present in the story , because Ravi does respond to the fact of having lost, in a mature way, he does not own up to it. The final element is “acceptance” which does not occur in this story, Ravi cannot accept the fact that he has lost and that the game is over. So we see that he has not truly grown up, the Rite of Passage has not been completed and he has not grown at all, he is still a kid.

Verse written on her Death Bed

Here is the work we have done in Literature class. I worked with Tota Lupi.

Overview

This is a beautiful and moving poem filled with the romance of a woman who feels she has truly found her soul mate.

Read the poem

Thou who dost all my worldly thoughts employ,
Thou pleasing source of all my earthly joy,
Thou tenderest husband and thou dearest friend,
To thee this first, this last adieu I send!
At length the conqueror death asserts his right,
And will for ever veil me from thy sight;
He wooes me to him with a cheerful grace,
And not one terror clouds his meagre face;
He promises a lasting rest from pain,
And shews that all life’s fleeting joys are vain;
Th’ eternal scenes of heaven he sets in view,
And tells me that no other joys are true.
But love, fond love, would yet resist his power,
Would fain awhile defer the parting hour;
He brings thy mourning image to my eyes,
And would obstruct my journey to the skies.
But say, thou dearest, thou unwearied friend!
Say, should’st thou grieve to see my sorrows end?
Thou know’st a painful pilgrimage I’ve past;
And should’st thou grieve that rest is come at last?
Rather rejoice to see me shake off life,
And die as I have liv’d, thy faithful wife.

Mary Monck (?-1715)

Work in pairs and include:

-data about the writer and context of production

-whether this poem is based on her  life or not

-themes and tones

-literary devices used by the poet to put across her message

-personal conclusion on the poem 

Monck, Mary, a woman of great beauty and considerable poetical abilities, daughter of Lord Molesworth, was born in the latter half of the 17th century. She acquired an intimate knowledge of Latin, Italian, and Spanish literature. Chiefly residing in the country, one of a numerous family, she cultivated poetry more as an amusement than with a view to publication. She married George Monck of Dublin. After her early death from consumption, at Bath, in 1715, a volume of her poems and translations was published. Several of her pieces are given in Cibber’s Lives of the Poets. 

The poem was written in 1715 in the end of enlightenment and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. The poem is based on her life. She writes it in her death bed, as a farewell to her husband in 1715. However the poem was not published in that year, only after her death was any of her poetry published. The themes are companionship and friendship, rather than lust and passion since the poem is about true love. Also we see the impact of aging and mortality. The tone is generally soothing and gentle, with occasional emotional outbursts.

As for literary devices, the repetition of ‘all’ emphasises the fact that the husband is the only person in her life. We have an analogy presenting her struggle with illness as a war with death personified as a ‘conqueror’. She contrasts the ‘fleeting joys’ of life with the ‘eternal scenes of heaven’ in an attempt to convince herself and her husband that death should hold no fear and thus be welcomed.

Mary writes this poem to show all the love she felt for her husband, her best friend and companion. The poem is a farewell to the love of her life. She is writting this poem in sadness about leaving and being mortal, but at the same time the poem is a way to demonstrate to her husband how she loved him.

Virtual Period

-choose a song that deals with the same topic, find a video and analyse it.

-Post it in your blog

Video: Goodbye my lover by James Blunt

We chose this song because we realised that both the song and poem are about a farewell to a lower, friend, etc. James Blunt says goodbye through a singed poem to his former lover, where as Mary Monck leaves written words to her husband to say her goodbyes.

Soldier, Rest! … And other poems

For this weeks Literature virtual period our teacher gave us the following assignment.

  1. Check out the following page: https://www.poetryfoundation.org/articles/70139/the-poetry-of-world-war-i
  2. Absolution by Siegfried Sassoon 

The anguish of the earth absolves our eyes 

Till beauty shines in all that we can see. 

War is our scourge; yet war has made us wise, 

And, fighting for our freedom, we are free.

 

Horror of wounds and anger at the foe, 

And loss of things desired; all these must pass. 

We are the happy legion, for we know 

Time’s but a golden wind that shakes the grass.

 

There was an hour when we were loth to part 

From life we longed to share no less than others. 

Now, having claimed this heritage of heart, 

What need we more, my comrades and my brothers? 

The title of the poem is Absolution, which means “formal release from guilt, obligation, or punishment”. I believe that the choice of word for the title makes reference to the fact that he was seeking a release from war, he didn’t want to fight anymore.
In this poem Sassoon, who fought in World War 1, is parting to the front line with his comrades. On the first stanza he gives name to all the things that have to happen before the war he is fighting ends. Which for him would be a long time as he believed that the war was being prolonged by the government. In this first stanza he also names the things he fights for, his freedom for example. On the second stanza he shows with simple vocabulary some of the few things that happen during war, the wounds, the anger, the loss of friends and time. Finally in the third stanza he asks his comrades, if there is anything else that they need, they will have everything waiting for them in their return, and when they are gone they will each other.
3. Compare it to “Soldier, Rest!” 
These two poems are very different. Mainly becuase Absolution is poem that takes place during the war, in which we can see soldiers parting to the front line, and where the author mentions what war involves, the feelings of the soldiers, and others. But “Soldier, Rest!” is a poem about death in war.  In which the author is telling the soldier that he does not have to worry about fighting, bullets, waking up in the middle of the night to hear the sound of weapons, because now he will “Sleep the sleep that knows not breaking”. The being the main difference in the poems, we also see that both authors come from different centuries, and have different vocabularies. Sassoon, uses more simple vocabulary, and Scott uses a more vulgar, but not in a bad way, kind of vocabulary. He uses words as if he were a soldier talking to another comrade, telling that he does not have to worry about war anylonger, he may sleep forever.
4. Illustrate it with pictures and explain which different parts of the poem they illustrate.

This picture shows the main events of war

Here we can see what parting for soldiers was like. In the back of the picture we read “new hope” that is what they seeked the most.

Virtual Period: Analysing “I find no peace”

For our weekly Virtual Period our teacher Literature teacher gave us this assignment to analyse the following poem,

I Find no Peace BY SIR THOMAS WYATT

I find no peace, and all my war is done.

I fear and hope. I burn and freeze like ice.

I fly above the wind, yet can I not arise;

And nought I have, and all the world I season.

That loseth nor locketh holdeth me in prison

And holdeth me not—yet can I scape no wise—

Nor letteth me live nor die at my device,

And yet of death it giveth me occasion.

Without eyen I see, and without tongue I plain.

I desire to perish, and yet I ask health.

I love another, and thus I hate myself.

I feed me in sorrow and laugh in all my pain;

Likewise displeaseth me both life and death,

And my delight is causer of this strife.

 

1.What situation is the speaker reflecting on?

He isfighting  the  feelings towards a woman that is not his. He already has one who he already loves, but there is also another one, and this conflict between both women and being in love with two people at the same time makes him suffer. Nothing can put him out of the misery of loving two women.

2. What metaphors and similes does he use to express his feelings?

He uses metaphors and similies like: “I burn and freeze like ice.” And he also uses “I desire to perish, and yet I ask health.” Among others. These two are examples that show the wirter using metaphors to express the contradictory feelings he has for both women.

3. How many separate paradoxes are in the poem?

There are 10 paradoex throughout the poem.

4. What is the cumulative effect of so many paradoxes?

So many paradoxes in the poem show that the voice in the poem is in love, but hates himself for it, and has many mixed feelings about his lovers. He is confused, but in love.

5. What is the general topic of the paradoxes in lines 1-4?

The general topic in lines 1-4 is nature. The writer uses many expressions involving nature itlself, and other paradoxes are about the feelings of human beings. For example “I fear and hope. I burn and freeze like ice.”

6. What is the general topic of the paradoxes in lines 5-8?

The general topic in these lines is improsnment, or isolation. The voice is not physically improsoned but he is a prisoner of his feelings towards the two women he loves.

7. Why does the speaker in line 11 declare that hating himself is the consequence of loving another?

He hates himself becuase he loves another, this is because he feels guilty of loving two women at the same time. The fact he is in love with two people makes him hate himself. Because he will end up hurting someone, who he loves, and this will also hurt him.

8. Why is it ironic that his “delight” is the “causer of this strife”?

Because when we are delighted by something, we are not supposed to suffer for enjoying it. But for the voice, his delight, causes him pain and suffering.

9. To what extent do you think the paradoxes are an accurate expression of the feelings of a person in love, particularly in light of the fact that in the 16th century the completely free and unchaperoned meetings of lovers were not easily arranged?

I believe that this paradoxes are a clear expression of what being in love, and with two people at the same time is. Back in the 16th century it was very difficult to be married and have a lover, so for him it must be hell. We see how hard it is for him to be in love with two women in the poem, with all the paradoxes he uses.

10. To what extent do the paradoxes capture the agonies of the speaker?

The paradoxes capture the speaker’s agonies perfectly. Through them we see all his pleasures, delights, but also his pain and suffering. We see how badly he feels for loving two people at the same time.

Then, prepare an animation using Animoto to illustrate this poem with pictures.

Poem: Rooms

In our Literature class we read the poem “Rooms” and had to analyse it.

Rooms

BY CHARLOTTE MEW

I remember rooms that have had their part

     In the steady slowing down of the heart.

The room in Paris, the room at Geneva,

The little damp room with the seaweed smell,

And that ceaseless maddening sound of the tide—

     Rooms where for good or for ill—things died.

But there is the room where we (two) lie dead,

Though every morning we seem to wake and might just as well seem to sleep again

     As we shall somewhere in the other quieter, dustier bed

     Out there in the sun—in the rain.

Answer the following questions

1. Read about the writer.

Make notes about her life and about what may have influenced her writings.  Why is it said that the life of the writer was a tragedy?

Haunted by unrequited passion and tormemted by fears of madness, but she still managed to write great poems of passion and beauty. She loved most.of her life in poverty. She hated the fact that she was mad. But this led her to write great poems about unrequitted love, she wrote about death as a place where we could finally find love and serenity.

2. Read the poem: how are “rooms” described?

Each rooms describes a moment in her life. A relationship that ended. A trip or a disease. Every now and then, she goes back to those rooms that are in her head and remebers what it felt like to be in love, or sick. She has rooms from Paris and Geneva. Rooms in the beach, or rooms for when she was sick. There is one room where she and her lover died, where their relationship ended, and they both lay dead now.

3. “The poem offers us a poignant account of loss as qualified through the depiction of abandoned rooms. Rooms are the physical means to which relationships are developed and consecrated. It entails intimacy and love, as well as abandon and death. It shelters individuals, as well as couples, from the harshness of the natural elements outside, providing them with a private and cosy space. There is also a sense of shifting dependence as the couples travel from room to room, leaving their trails behind and simultaneously having images of the abandoned rooms imprinted upon their memories.”

Account for this with quotation from the poem

– “Though every morning we seem to wake and might just as well seem to sleep again”

This quote makes reference to the intimacy and love the room they died in represented, and also makes reference to abandonment and death.

– “As we shall somewhere in the other quieter, dustier bed. Out there in the sun—in the rain” 

 This quote shows a sense of shifting dependence as the couples travel from room to room, leaving their trails behind and simultaneously having images of the abandoned rooms imprinted upon their memories.

4. The poem begins “I remember”. What does this tell you about the voice? And the tone?

The fact that the poem begins with “I remember” tells me that the voice is remeniscing her past, visiting her rooms, her past, and she does this with a nostalgic and melancholic tone.

5. What is the theme in your opinion? What is the tone?

The themes in this poem are Love, Wisdom and Age.

Virtual period Activity (Deadline: May 15)

Read the following poem and compare and contrast it to “Rooms”  in terms of style, language and form, paying special attention to their portrayal of abandoned rooms.

Home is so Sad
by Philip Larkin

Home is so sad. It stays as it was left,
Shaped to the comfort of the last to go
As if to win them back. Instead, bereft
Of anyone to please, it withers so,
Having no heart to put aside the theft

And turn again to what it started as,
A joyous shot at how things ought to be,
Long fallen wide. You can see how it was:
Look at the pictures and the cutlery.
The music in the piano stool. That vase.

POSTER

 

The Phoenix

During our Literature class we read “The Phoenix” by Sylvia Townsend Warner and we did an analysis of the story during our class. Here is a video witht he story ad some information about the writer.

  • What calls my attention about the writer is that she is very misunderstood when she writes fiction, and that she is not very known for her writing. She died in 1978 and left behind lots of books, poems, and novels, but people who read don’t understand them, and so her books aren’t very known in Britain, and I already have read one story of hers and loved it, I found lots of messages and metaphors in it.
  • In this story we have been reading I think that the Phoenix symbolizes society, and how we are animals deep inside, and maybe for some time we can be “nice” but when we realise that we are being used for the good of others and not of our own, we can destroy everything.

Deep analysis

  1. I think that Warner makes the ending effective for me, because the story has a very abrupt ending, and what I believe is that when the Phoenix caught fire, he took everyone down with him, becuase he realised he was bening used, and he wanted to be free, so he kills everyone near him, and id reborn in a new and free life.
  2. At first I feel curious about the bird Lord Strawberry as acquired, I can imagine the aviary as a giant greenhouse full of majestic birds, and the Phoenix the most majestic of them all. But when bird falls into the hands of Mister Poldero and he abuses the bird I feel sorry for the Phoenix, I think that what he did to the bird is horrible, and he deserved what he, and everyone else, got.
  3. When we first see greed in this story is with Lord Strawberry who desperately wants the Phoenix, so badly that he goes to Arabia himself to look for the bird, he makes the bird trust him and takes it home. He doesn’t care about the all the money he has to spend on these animals, he just wants them and wants the world to see them. We also see greed in Mr Poldero, who wants money and to get it he uses the Phoenix, when he realises that people are bored by the bird, he mistreats and abuses the bird for it to age and die, all for money and fame.
  4. Warner makes Poldero a very unpleasant man because she makes him greedy, for money and fame, and the kind of person that would kill for money or else. I think that what he did to the bird is horrible, and in the end he got nothing for it, but his death.
  5. Warner shows me that most of us humans are selfish. We are willing to go anywhere to get what we want and we won’t let anyone stop us to get it. First with the Lord who goes to Arabia himself for a bird, and then with Poldero who wants money and kills a majestic bird for it.

Stabat Mater

During our Literature class our teacher asked to watch two videos that analysed a poem we read calles “Stabat Material” by Sam Hunt. We also had to tell which one we found was more clear and why.

I found that the first video was easier to follow, they both have very similar ways to analysing the poem, but I understood better the way the narrator from the first video talked and explained, than the narrator from the second video.

Sredni Vashtar: Reading Comprehension

Our Literature teacher Pato gave us some questions to answer after reading the story “Sredni Vashtar”

Questions for after reading…

1. Why is Conradin’s imagination the mainstay of his life?
2. Why do you think Conradin hates his guardian? Give two examples to support your answer.
3. The tool shed is a refuge for Conradin. But he keeps it a well guarded secret. Why was this so?
4. Saki employs ironic humor in Sredni Vashtar. Pick out any two examples.
5. “Do one thing for me, Sredni Vashtar.” Why does Conradin implore Sredni Vashtar to help him?
6. Can it be said that Mrs De Ropp brought about her own end? Support your answer with relevant arguments.

1- We can say that Conradin”s imagination is the mainstay in his life because , despite de fact that he is a sick boy and dying, his cousin, out of hatred, mistreats him and won’t let him do anything childish like, with the excuse he could get hurt.

2- I think Conradin hates his guardian because she is conatantly thrawrting him “for his own good”, she sells the hen so much loves and cared for.

3- He kept the shed a secret from her because he was afraid, and quite certain, that if she knew what was inside brought him joy she would make it go away just like she did with the hen.