“Ode to Autumn” by John Keats

This is the analysis we did on the poem “Ode to Autumn” by John Keats during our Literature class. I worked together with Jose Tasca.

Compare the seasons Autumn and Spring. What do they symbolize?

The spring season is usually related to rebirth. In this season all plants and animals come out of their winter sleep and  back into the bright sunlight. For some it’s the perfect seasons, because you still have that enjoyable winter chill, but also begin to feel the sun warm on your body and can see flowers growing here and there.

Autumn is the opposite of this season, related to death. Here the leaves change colours, they can become red brown and orange. They fall off the trees where children play with them. Whereas spring is the sign that Winter has already ended, autumn arrives to say he summer is finally over.

Colorful plants and green leaves versus brilliant reds and browns and falling leaves ‘“an awakening from the cold, and the end of the hot summer heat. The eager anticipation of sunny days and breezy nights, and the stark reality of a vacation ended on a high note. These are usually the things that come to mind when you try to differentiate between the two seasons of spring and autumn.

Compare the poem “Ode to Autumn” to the poem “Ode on Melancholy”

Both Ode to Autumn and Ode to Melancholy are poems written by the British Romantic poet John Keats, where he explores deep feelings towards seasons and sensations, showing nature to be somewhat perfect at peak times. In ‘Ode on Melancholy’, beauty must die; joy bids adieu; pleasure turns to poison; “aching pleasure” is a Keatsian oxymoron showing melancholy will be experienced at times. Reference to the human world is significant because it helps emphasise the importance of the natural world.

Melancholy is personified many times, for example in in stanza three, using a  goddess to show the opposition of joy and sorrow. Beauty, Joy and Pleasure show Keats’ emotions and feelings. These are the positive aspects of life. He is explaining at times everyone will feel like this, and that you can’t be sad and emotional all the time but you also can’t be “Beautiful” and “Joyous” no matter how hard you try as this does not follow nature’s course.

‘Ode to Melancholy’ describes flowers, uses colour imagery and at points enforces its beauty, while in ‘Ode to Autumn’ emphasizes the bees and flowers and all ripeness this season brings nature, which brings out positive connotations. The season of autumn seems almost relaxed and at one with the poet. Within ‘Ode on Melancholy’ there are a lot of references to death as well as dark imagery at the start of the ode as melancholy is at its peak here. “Wakeful anguish of the soul” begins a turning point in life, showing joy can arise at any moment, not everything has to remain melancholic.

‘Ode to Autumn’ also refers to the idea of death, the death of autumn. “Soft dying day” shows the changes in seasons as winter arises. Showing nature does not last forever, perfection is sometimes lost. The idea of showing nature has to take its course in order for you to live. When the beautiful season of autumn comes to an end his mood turns to melancholy which associates well with ideas portrayed in ‘Ode on Melancholy. ‘ ‘Ode to Autumn’ concentrates supercicialy on one season only, but metaphorically also deals with the cycle of life, going throughout youth, the working age, and finally the third Age, as well as in “Ode on Melancholy which also focuses on nature’s cycle as a whole.


Poster:

Song

We chose this song, because although it does not relate to all the themes in the poem, we find that as the poem it talks about Mortality, Time, Man and the Natural World.

Write a short paragraph of what Autumn means to you. What do you like doing in Autumn? Do you remember a special day in Autumn?

For us Autumn symbolizes the end of Summer, the end of fun and vacations. Less time to spend on friends and the things we most enjoy  doing. It means going back to school, the day-to-day routine. The boring at of the year. However it also represents a beautiful time of the year, full of unique colours and charming sights. We like to wander around the city and explore its brand new seasons corners. With new colours and tastes in the differents neighbourhoods.

Synonyms to Describe People

During a Language class, our teacher asked to look up for synonyms of different vocabulary to describe peoples physical descriptions, and others. Working with Tota Lupi, Fran Costamagna and Juan Cruz Subira, this is the work we accomplished.

Descriptions: Appearance, personality, mood and tone

Pair work: choose 2 pictures and write a description connecting them. I worked with Fran Costamagna and Juan Subira. 

-Describe the places in detail

-Describe the situation (use your imagination) and the feelings of the people.

-Think about the mood.

 

My week in BaResultado de imagen para working hardriloche was the best week of my year. When I left I didn’t realize that I was going to miss on a lot of important events at work.  I got back from my trip at down on Monday. I decided that it would be best if I stopped missing out on my work, and went straight from the airport to my office. As I walked down the corridor all my coworkers came out to salute me and ask about my trip, I think they envied that I had been on vacation for the hardest working week of the year and that made me feel good in a way. When I finally got to my office, and got to see the enormous pile of work waiting for me, I could feel how my body contracted with pain, and my partners laughed at me.

 

The first thing I did was pour myself some coffee to wake me up and then I sat down and started thelongest day of work. I was so tired that I layed my head on my arms on top of all the

papers scattered around my desk to rest my eyes for a few minutes. As I closed my eyes I travelled back to bariloche and my skis. The cold wind blew on top of the mountain and the sun bathed my face with warmth. As I slide through the mountain and slid though the soft and newly fallen snow from the previous night all I could feel was joy. Nothing could concern me at the top of the mountain. The mountain was so peaceful, unlike the office were everyone is running from one place to the other, trying to get things done as quickly as possible.

I jumped from my desk as a partner shouted to me, I had fallen asleep and been caught right after arriving from a week of holidays, not a good impression the one I made that day at work.

My Son the Fanatic

Story: https://mseisinger.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/my-son-the-fanatic-by-hanif-kureishi.pdf

Resultado de imagen para my son the fanatic

After reading the story, let´s work on the following ideas

Task 1

  1. What prevents Parvez from communicating directly with his son?
    He is afraid of confronting him, and finds it easier to find the answers on his friends, who speculate on possible situations that the son might be going through, which results in the worst. They prejudge him.
  2. What is Parvez’s dream for Ali’s future?
    He wishes his son to become an accountant to fulfill his bigger dream that is to fit in the English society.
  3. How would you describe the personality of the following characterize:
    a. Parvez

    self-centered, cares a lot of image or reputation, idealistic, doesn’t have a paternal image, etc.

b. Alifundamentalist, able to do anything in order to transmit his religious beliefs, even sacrificing his life and other innocent ones.

c. BettinaShe is a prostitute, who tries to help and give advice although she doesn’t have children. She interferes in Parvez and Ali relationship which might not be the best option, as it weakened their relations.

  1. How would you describe the following relationships?
    a. Parvez and Ali at the beginning of the story: They are strangers. They live under the same roof but barely know each other. Parvez had an idealistic son but Ali showed him that he was not who he thought.

b. Parvez and Ali at the end of the storyThey finally revealed their true self of each other and derived in a serious conflict, which even involved violence.

d. Parvez and BettinaThey support each other and provide company and advice. They also were involved in a sexual relationship.

e. Parvez and his coworkers: They do not have enough confidence to show themselves as they really are, and have a superficial relationship.

f. Parvez and his wife: We don’t know anything about their relationships. They don’t share anything more than a son, to whom they didn’t have a relationship either.

5.What advice does Bettina give Parvez?

To talk to him, listen and find the true side of him. Understand his teenage mind, who is going through a temporary face in his life that with time will go away.

6.What memory from Pakistan haunts Parvez?
It is a memory about his childhood when he went to school where they forced to learn the Koran, even when tiredness conquered them. This strict and insistent measures made him walk away of any type of religion.

7. What rules does Ali criticize Parvez for breaking?
Drinking alcohol & eating meat

8.Why does Parvez like England?

Because they have access to anything they want there, and doesn’t have to follow any religious beliefs that condition their lives.

9. Why does Ali hate London?

Because he believes that western education cultivates an anti-religious attitude.

  1. What was the “last straw” that led Parvez to violence?

When, after having excessively drunk, goes to Ali’s room and finds him praying, after all that have happened.

  1. What does Ali mean in the last line of the story?

By saying that, he intends to say that he is no lo reveals the truth. He was not the only fanatic. His father was also a fanatic of the Englishmen. Who hit their children when they do something they do not agree with, or they disobey their parents. 

Task 2

Complete the plot diagram online

Task 3

Finally, choose one of the following tasks to write between 450 and 600 words

a. write a different ending of the story.

b. write a letter to Parvez showing empathy.

c. write the story from the point of view of the mother.

Always take into account context, culture and traditions!!

Task 1 and 2 must be posted in your blog and can be solved in pairs.

Task  3 is individual and must be handed in on Friday May 4 (on paper)

Evening in Paradise

Before reading the poem, do research on John Milton

-What kind of writer was he? Explain.

John Milton (9 December 1608 – 8 November 1674) was an English metaphysical poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost (1667), written in blank verse.

Metaphysical poet, any of the poets in 17th-century England who inclined to the personal and intellectual complexity and concentration. Their work is a blend of emotion and intellectual ingenuity, characterized by conceit or “wit”. Metaphysical poetry is less concerned with expressing feeling than with analyzing it, with the poet exploring the recesses of his consciousness. The boldness of the literary devices used—especially obliquity, irony, and paradox—are often reinforced by a dramatic directness of language and by rhythms derived from that of living speech.

Milton’s poetry and prose reflect deep personal convictions, a passion for freedom and self-determination, and the urgent issues and political turbulence of his day. Writing in English, Latin, Greek, and Italian, he achieved international renown within his lifetime

-He wrote Paradise Lost. What is it about?

In 1667, he published Paradise Lost in 10 volumes. It is considered his greatest work and the greatest epic poem written in English. The free-verse poem tells the story of how Satan tempted Adam and Eve, and their expulsion from the Garden of Eden. In 1671, he published Paradise Regained, in which Jesus overcomes Satan’s temptations, and Samson Agonistes, in which Samson first succumbs to temptation and then redeems himself. A revised, 12-volume version of Paradise Lost was published in 1674.

-Now, read the poem and say what you understand from it using your own words. (work on vocabulary)

Now came still Evening on, and Twilight gray
Had in her sober
livery all things clad;
Silence accompanied; for beast and bird,
They to their grassy couch, these to their nests
Were
slunk, all but the wakeful nightingale.
She all night longer her amorous
descant sung:
Silence was now pleased. Now glowed the
firmament
With living Saphirs; Hesperus, that led
The starry host, rode brightest, till the Moon,
Rising in clouded majesty, at length
Apparent queen, unveiled her
peerless light,
And o’er the dark her silver mantle threw;
When Adam thus to Eve: “Fair
consort, the hour
Of night, and all things now retired to rest
Mind us of like repose; since God hath set
Labour and rest, as day and night, to men
Successive, and the timely dew of sleep,
Now falling with soft
slumberous weight, inclines
Our eye-lids. Other creatures all day long
Rove
idle, unemployed, and less need rest;
Man hath his daily work of body or mind
Appointed, which declares his dignity,
And the regard of Heaven on all his ways;
While other animals unactive range,
And of their doings God takes no account.
Tomorrow, ere fresh morning streak the east
With first approach of light, we must be risen,
And at our pleasant labour, to reform
Yon flowery arbours, yonder alleys green,
Our walk at noon, with branches overgrown,
That mock our
scant manuring, and require
More hands than ours to
lop their wanton growth.
Those blossoms also, and those dropping gums,
That lie
bestrown, unsightly and unsmooth,
Ask
riddance, if we mean to tread with ease.

John Milton (1608-1674)

The poem is an extract from the epic poem ʼParadise Lost’ where Milton explores Adam and Eve’s spectacular mucking up of a lifetime in paradise, while also giving us his insight into the primordial war between God and Satan.

In this section, we are presented with a resplendent image of dusk, which in its majesty calms and soothes the world to sleep. Milton’s Adam reflects upon the nature of day and night and basically tells us that we need to enjoy our slumber as in the day we need to be working hard to maintain the perfection of God’s creation.

As well as giving us a reflection upon this specific part of the Bible, there is a general message that permeates about how we should live our lives.

Vocabulary:

livery: a special uniform worn by a servant, an official, or a member 
of a City Company.

grassy: covered with grass. 

clad: archaic or literary past participle of clothe.

slink (slunk): move smoothly and quietly

nightingale: migratory birds of Europe, noted for the melodious song 
of the male, given chiefly at night during the breeding season.

descant: a melody or counterpoint accompanying a simple musical 
themeand usually written above it.

firmament: the vault of heaven; sky.

Hesperus – another name for Venus (the planet);

peerless: having no equal; matchless; unrivaled.

consort: a husband or wife; spouse, especially of a reigning monarch.

slumberous: causing or inducing sleep. 

idle: not working or active; unemployed; doing nothing. 

yonder: being the more distant or farther. 

scant: not abundant. 

lop: to cut off from a tree or other plant.

wanton: done, shown, used, etc., maliciously or unjustifiably. 

bestrew: to lie scattered over. 

riddance: relief or deliverance from something.

Task 1

“The first 12 lines show an analogy between Evening and Paradise” Account for this.

The first 12 lines show an analogy between evening and paradise. The writes expresses that night is beautiful, it’s the time when you rest, when you are at peace. This description of the night is used to explain heaven, paradise. Both have similar features, such as resting, being at peace, being beautiful, and so the explanation of the evening is used to compare and explain heaven too; that’s why it is said to be an analogy.

Task 2

Semantic field: “Day/Night – Nature – Jewels”. Quote to prove this.

-Day/night: “twiglight” “lightingale” “moon” “dark” “wakeful” “silence” “descant”

-Nature: “lightingale” “beast” “bird” “nests”

_Jewelry: “sapphires” “glowed” “hesperus” “brightest” “majesty”

TASK 3

Find at least three literary devices and explain the imapct on the reader. Why are they used?

  1. Enjambent is used to catch the reader’s attention, to keep him trapped and following the poem until the end.
  2. There is a very powerful analogy  in the poem. There is an analogy between sleep and death. The poet is using the “night”, the “rest”, “noon” to explain a greater thing, heaven, death and afterlife. This is made because sometimes, to explain such a great and complex topic as death, it’s better to use analogies with normal, daily thing such as sleeping.
  3. Personification is also used in the poem. “Silence was now pleased.”. In this line we can see that there is a personification. SIlence is givene human characteristics, silence cannot be pleased. 

TASK 4

Is the scene just protrayed as a peaceful natural scene? Could this also be a funeral scene? Account for your answers.

In my opinion, it can be seen from both point of views, since an analogy is made. The peacful natural scene could be sleeping, that could also be accositaed with death. But, now, it depends on what do you think when you think about a funeral scene. Aren’t funerals natural scenes? I think that they completely are because we are all surely going to die so it’s natural. Aren’t funerals peaceful? In my opinion they also are, maybe the person that died was suffering from a horrible disease and now she is in rest, finally tranquil.

Task 5

“light” “fresh morning” “labour” “eyelids” “retire” “risen” “work”

Games at Twilight

For our Literature’s weekly virtual period we had to analyse a short story we had already read called “Games at Twilight” by Anita Desai. Here is the work that we did with Trini Torrendell.

Task 1: choose 10  quotes to analyze deep.

 

  • …a poor, ruined and conquered city.

 

This quote is from the moment in which Ravi describes the shed that he  is going to hide into, que describes it as a “poor” and “ruined” because inside the shed was full of rat holes, and spider webs, buckets with holes, and other valueless things that they owned. His mother only went inside the shed once a year, to fix the rat holes and remove the spider webs. Also he describes the shed as a “conquered city” because it had citizens of its, some of whom were the spiders and rats.

 

  • …everything was still curtained and shuttered in a way that stifled the children, made them feel that their lungs were stuffed with cotton wool and their noses with dust…

 

This quote belong to the first paragraph of the story, is the introduction. In the paragraph we are told that the children’s mother wouldn’t let them go outside to play in the hot day, they were stuck inside the house, all of the blinds were shut, windows were closed, and they felt as “their lungs were stuffed with cotton wool and their noses with dust”. This phrase is to describe how the children were feeling in the hot day, they were dying basically, it was disgusting to feel the heat up their nose and down their lungs.

 

  • …he had been forgotten, left out and he would not join them now.

 

This quote is from the final paragraph of the story. Ravi is feeling the ignominy of being forgotten. He cannot face it. He refuses to play with the other children to the funeral game, he wanted a victory, but he was so blinded by the feeling of it, that he actually forgot what he had to do to achieve it. Now he won’t play with the other children, he just laid on the grass, seeing his triumph fade away like a bad memory.

 

  • …his voice broke with rage and pity at the disgrace of it all and he felt himself flooded with tears and misery.

 

This quote is from the moment in which Ravi comes out of the shed to claim he’s longed for victory, the moment he had been playing over and over in his head. But when he makes it through to the veranda and finally calls out his triumph, he realizes that the children were no longer playing hide and seek, they had changed the game, forgotten about him. It was as if his dream was thrown into the floor and crushed. He couldn’t believe, let alone face it. This quote shows exactly that feeling, the disgrace and the pity, the misery and pain of not having won.

 

  • All this time no one had remembered Ravi.

 

This is when we are told that throughout the long hours that Rvi had been hiding in the shed, thinking about how to claim his victory, his family had moved on with their lives as any other ordinary afternoon, and no one had even noticed that he was missing. The children had ended and started many games, the parents had come back from work, washed their car, watered the plants. And when Ravi came out from his hiding to realize that no one had even noticed him gone, he couldn’t believe it. That moment is where this quote is taking us, to when Ravi realized he had been forgotten by his family.

  • He hugged his knees together and smiled to himself almost shyly at the thought of so much victory, such laurels.

In this quote he imagine the sensation of winning this war in hide and seek and because of it he started feeling the adrenaline of the victory. He also thought about overcome his opponents specially Raghu who was the oldest one and this is why he started feeling this excitement and was very anxious about it. All that he wanted at this part of the story was to try that taste of victory and feel superior to others by showing his abilities in this game which was very important for him. He wanted to prove that he could do it!

 

  • Ravi shook, then shivered with delight, with self-congratulation.

 

This quote described Ravi’s feeling at the middle of the story. It says that Ravi was a little bit scared but also happy because he hide in an interesting place where it was difficult to be seen. He was a little bit nervous because of the adrenaline of run and hide in some other place as he had the risk that he could be seen. He was feeling the victory as he could hide in an another place. This place was a little bit dark and with some insects but it was a very intelligent position for the game and he was very brave for running up the there and risking his life.

 

  • The scent of earth receiving water, slaking its thirst in great gulps and releasing that green scent of freshness, coolness.

 

This quote describes the the moment of the twilight and it admired how is nature formed by and Ali think it showed the part of every story when the end is coming soon and something would change everything as it is all the scenery relax and quiet. This was the moment when Ravi realized the time of the day it was as he would see the twilight and it’s show. Victory was so near that he could also feel it! The end was coming and he was prepared for it !

 

 

  • What fun if they were all found and caught – he alone left unconquered!

 

This phrase took part of Ravi’s objective in this game. He wanted to win! But not sharing the victory with another partner, he wished to be the only champion in this game and have all the triumph and happiness for himself. This quote showed how awesome it would be if all his opponents ,who ,by the way were his brothers and sisters, were caught and lose the game. If this happened he would have more chances to win and he will be invictus. This quote also shows how a kid always wants to win and how he would find his own happiness just by winning a game against his family without receiving any material prize, only honor and triumph.

 

  • He wanted victory and triumph- not a funeral.

 

In this quote we can see that the narrator is describing Ravi’s thoughts. He didn’t want to be a loser. He wanted to win this game. When you are a kid games like hide and seek are taking very seriously, in this case the protagonist saw this game as if it was life or death. If Ravi wins he will be safe and with triumph and honor but if he lose this game he will be death and having a “funeral”. This thoughts helped him to continue playing  

Task 2: Focus on the theory of Rite of Passage and write a paragraph commenting on this.

The theory of rite of Passage consists of five elements, the first one being the object of desire that the protagonist cannot get, in our case for Ravi the object he could not obtain was the victory, the possibility to defeat Raghu. The second element is “trespassing” when the children go outside and play in the veranda despite of the fact that their mother told them they could not do so. The third element is the “dare or challenge” which in our case is the entering of Ravi to the shed, despite of it being a dark and scary place. The fourth element in Rite of Passage is the “mischief” that should be owned up, but we do not see this element present in the story , because Ravi does respond to the fact of having lost, in a mature way, he does not own up to it. The final element is “acceptance” which does not occur in this story, Ravi cannot accept the fact that he has lost and that the game is over. So we see that he has not truly grown up, the Rite of Passage has not been completed and he has not grown at all, he is still a kid.

Verse written on her Death Bed

Here is the work we have done in Literature class. I worked with Tota Lupi.

Overview

This is a beautiful and moving poem filled with the romance of a woman who feels she has truly found her soul mate.

Read the poem

Thou who dost all my worldly thoughts employ,
Thou pleasing source of all my earthly joy,
Thou tenderest husband and thou dearest friend,
To thee this first, this last adieu I send!
At length the conqueror death asserts his right,
And will for ever veil me from thy sight;
He wooes me to him with a cheerful grace,
And not one terror clouds his meagre face;
He promises a lasting rest from pain,
And shews that all life’s fleeting joys are vain;
Th’ eternal scenes of heaven he sets in view,
And tells me that no other joys are true.
But love, fond love, would yet resist his power,
Would fain awhile defer the parting hour;
He brings thy mourning image to my eyes,
And would obstruct my journey to the skies.
But say, thou dearest, thou unwearied friend!
Say, should’st thou grieve to see my sorrows end?
Thou know’st a painful pilgrimage I’ve past;
And should’st thou grieve that rest is come at last?
Rather rejoice to see me shake off life,
And die as I have liv’d, thy faithful wife.

Mary Monck (?-1715)

Work in pairs and include:

-data about the writer and context of production

-whether this poem is based on her  life or not

-themes and tones

-literary devices used by the poet to put across her message

-personal conclusion on the poem 

Monck, Mary, a woman of great beauty and considerable poetical abilities, daughter of Lord Molesworth, was born in the latter half of the 17th century. She acquired an intimate knowledge of Latin, Italian, and Spanish literature. Chiefly residing in the country, one of a numerous family, she cultivated poetry more as an amusement than with a view to publication. She married George Monck of Dublin. After her early death from consumption, at Bath, in 1715, a volume of her poems and translations was published. Several of her pieces are given in Cibber’s Lives of the Poets. 

The poem was written in 1715 in the end of enlightenment and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. The poem is based on her life. She writes it in her death bed, as a farewell to her husband in 1715. However the poem was not published in that year, only after her death was any of her poetry published. The themes are companionship and friendship, rather than lust and passion since the poem is about true love. Also we see the impact of aging and mortality. The tone is generally soothing and gentle, with occasional emotional outbursts.

As for literary devices, the repetition of ‘all’ emphasises the fact that the husband is the only person in her life. We have an analogy presenting her struggle with illness as a war with death personified as a ‘conqueror’. She contrasts the ‘fleeting joys’ of life with the ‘eternal scenes of heaven’ in an attempt to convince herself and her husband that death should hold no fear and thus be welcomed.

Mary writes this poem to show all the love she felt for her husband, her best friend and companion. The poem is a farewell to the love of her life. She is writting this poem in sadness about leaving and being mortal, but at the same time the poem is a way to demonstrate to her husband how she loved him.

Virtual Period

-choose a song that deals with the same topic, find a video and analyse it.

-Post it in your blog

Video: Goodbye my lover by James Blunt

We chose this song because we realised that both the song and poem are about a farewell to a lower, friend, etc. James Blunt says goodbye through a singed poem to his former lover, where as Mary Monck leaves written words to her husband to say her goodbyes.