During our history class se started seeing the outbreak of the Cold War between Russia and the USA. Our teacher gave us a task to follow on the diferentes conferences after the War, and what were the causes of this War.
This is a SlideSharw on the causes of the Cold War
This is a vídeo on the Yalta conference and what happened.
C) The Yalta Conference: This meeting took place in 1945, present here were Churchil, from Britain, Stalin, from the USSR, and Roosvelt, from the USA. Here they began according plans for post War times, and agreed to require Germany’s unconditional surrender . Most of the agreements were kept secret at first. They agreed that Germany were be occupied and divided into four zones, British, American, French and Soviet. Countries under German occupation, once free, would be allowed tp held their own elections and chose a government. There were disagreements as regards the Soviet and Polish borders.
Potsdam Conference: This meeting took place in the 1945. After Germany’s surrender, Hitler’s suicide. The War ended and another meeting was held in Berlin. Many things had changed. Now Stalin’s armies occupied most of eastern Europe. USA had a new president, Truman. The Allies had tested an atomic bomb. Also there were elections in Britain, Churchil was replaced by Attlee, half way thourgh the Conference. Stalin wanted to punish Germany harshly, but Truman didn’t want to repeat what happened in Versailles. The USSR suffered a lot of losses and the Soviet Union was devasted, al they wanted was compensation from Germany, Truman resisted his demand, he didn’t want to repeat First World War mistakes. Stalin wanted to set pro-Soviet governments in the Eastern Europe, Truman disagreed, and adopted a tough attitude agains Stalin. The Potsdam Conference ended without complete agreements on different issues.
D) a- This wartime alliance between USA and the USSR ended with the War. Both countries had defeated their common enemy, Germany, and had no reason whatsoever to remain Allies. The biggest difference between these two countries was that one was Communist and the other was Capitalist. More differences were bound to emerge sooner or later. The Soviet couldn’t forget how the USA had tried to stop the Russian Revolution and the Red Scare, and the USA couldn’t forget they had signed the Nazi-Soviet Pact with their enemy.
b- The major differences between these two countries were the different ruling forms. The USA was a Capitalist country and the Soviet Union was Communist. While the Soviet wanted to bring Germany down USA believed that is was important no to repeat the mistakes in Versailles, so they disagreed on the punishement Germany deserved. They disagreed on the pro-Soviet governments, Stalin wanted to encourage in Eastern Europe the spred of Communism, and USA wanted to stop him.
c) Both conferences were important. In Yalta they achieved temporal piece, and agreed in many important matters. But on the other hand in the Potsdam Conference, British and American leaders changed, these new leaders came with new ideas, and disagreed on many important matters, causing the disagreement on different matters.
d) Stalin wanted to spread Communism all over Eastern Europe, where he had most of control. Also he wanted to punish Germany harshly to guarantee protection from the USSR. Truman disagreed on both matters, he didn’t want Stalin spreading Communism all over Eastern Europe and he didn’t want to punish Germany harshly, he was determined not to repeat the same mistakes at the end of the First World War.