British influence in Argentina and the railway

For this week’s virtual period in History we have to do some research on the creation and develop of the railways in Argentina and how Britain influenced on it and how.

During the National Organization period, Argentina began to outline a foreign policy favouring relations with Britain, which became the main buyer of Argentine raw materials and the major source of investment in the country.

Britain had always been interested in Spanish America in general and Argentina in particular and signed various treaties in the 1850s, which laid the groundwork for massive investment in transport, communications and navigation.

The Western Rail Company was formed in 1855 with mainly local capitals in order to build the first railway line. This line ran from Parque Station (where the Colón Opera House stands today) to Flores, eight miles to the west. This line was officially opened in August 1857 and was subsequently extended.

Several smaller rail companies (and lines) were created after the Western Rail, like the Northern Railway of Buenos Aires, the Buenos Aires and Ensenada Railway, the East Argentine Railway or the Buenos Aires to Campana Line. These companies were eventually absorbed by bigger British-owned outfits like the Central Argentine Railway Ltd. and the Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway Co. Ltd. The latter quoted on the London Stock Exchange.

In 1948, President Perón decided to nationalise the seven railway companies operating in Argentina at the time. This was considered a turning point because it was thought to bring about economic independence. All it did was deepen the economic crises from the 1950s onwards by contributing heavily towards the national budget deficits and deteriorate the quality of the rail service and the rolling stock in a downward spiral.

Film: “Marie Antoinette”

This is a double virtual period, so your deadline is: October, 13th.

Finish watching the movie “Marie Antoinette”, by Sofia Coppola. (The link was provided by Alina in your Facebook group).

Then, answer the following questions and post them in your blogs:

1. Marie Antoinette is sometimes referred to as “The Teenage Queen”. What attitudes in the movie can show that? 

We can see the teenage attitudes that the question is referring to as we see the movie and see how Marie Antoinette behaved likea child at the Frenchh court. All she did was party and drink, shop for clothes and shoes, she also broke the rules at court, the most important was that she cheated on her husband Louis.

2.  After her first child is born she shows many changes in her attitude and lifestyle. How? Provide examples. Why do you think that happens?

When her first child was born, a daughter, she decided she wanted to raise her on the countryside, so she had a house made for herself and moved there to teach her daughter about nature and the wildlife, as well as important values and things a princess is supposed to know. Although around her daughter she behaved like a mature woman, she stilled behaved like a child when she could.

3. Some historians have often suggested that Marie Antoinette’s behaviour helped encourage agitation in the people at the beginning of the Revolution. Can you find any instances in the movie that confirm or deny this claim?

Yes, her behaviour certainly helped to increase agitation in the people at the beginning of the Revolution, she was a very extravagant woman, she never stopped buying jewelry and expensive and unnecessary things, like shoes and dresses. She invested a lot of money on the palace’s gardens, and people envied this and didn’t like to see her spend all of their tax money on those things.

4. Towards the end of the movie, we see a more mature woman. How does she show she has somehow stopped being “The Teenage Queen”?

When the castle was attacked and her husband, the King was being taken, he asked her to leave with the children to keep herself and them safe, but she stayed behind with him, to support him and by doing this she showed real maturity. We can see at the end of the movie that the woman at the beginning and the woman at the end of the film are two different people.

Letter from Napoleon’s Coronation

Task: imagine you are a person who attended Napoleon’s coronation as Emperor. Write a letter to a friend describing it and expressing your opinion about it. Inworked with Tota Lupi.

Dear Anette,
Today I attended Napoleon’s coronation.
It took place at Notre Dame, the cathedral is on a small island on the River Seine. People from all around the world come to Paris to admire the beauty of this French landmark. Thousands of frenchmen had gathered for the coronation. Inside the cathedral we could barely breathe because of all the people who came to witness this great event.

Priests, counselors and the Pope stood in the
alter at the sides of our great Emperor. When Napoleon lifted his crown the entire cathedral held it’s breath and as he laid it upon his head we all applauded and shouted his name with pride. Then came the coronation of his wife Josephine who wore the most beautiful gown I had ever seen and the brightest jewels France had ever seen.

With Napoleon as our Emperor I could not
be prouder of being French. I am sure his rule will make our country become one and all of us together will make France the greatest Nation Europe has ever witnessed. He has already proven to me he can accomplish great things with the new Constitution he wrote for all of France to by ruled by. He has released us from tax farmers and banned trade unions. By this, people will know that the money is not being stolen by the tax farmers, but actually going to the crown’s hands to be used for the countrymen’s benefit.

Long live Napoleon and his wife Josephine!

Sir Joseph.

Jacobins and Girondins

For this weeks Virtual Period our Hisotry teacher gave us this assignment:

Find a picture that best represents the Girondins and one that best represents the Jacobins. Give the characteristics of each group at the beginning of the French Revolution. The due date is June, 9th. 

Jacobins: 

  • Formed in Paris
  • Left-wing revolutionary politics
  • They were relatively moderate in their demands, but they soon became more extreme
  • Supported Louis XVI execution
  • Jacobins clubs were later organized in provinces too and served as debating societies
  • Allies to the sans-culottes, popular work force of working-class Parisians
  • Supported the rights of property, presented a much more middle-class position

Girondins:

  • They came from the South of France
  • Supported the rights of provinces to influence the revolutionary movement
  • Encouraged negotiation with Louis XVI
  • Campaigned for the end of the monarchy
  • The Girondin leader was Jacques-Pierre Brissot

The Storming of the Bastille

As we have been seeing the French Revolution and all the causes that came along with it, for this week we had as a virtual period the following task:

Imagine you are a French citizen who was involved in the storming of the Bastille. Later that night, write your diary entry, explaining what happened (from your viewpoint) and expressing your fears, wishes, hopes for the future, etc. Be as creative as possible in finding a voice for that character to make it sound realistic.

Dear Diary,

I have waited for this day a long time. When the Assembly gathered last week and finally decided that it was time to take over the Bastille, not only to release our fellows but also to take the weapons that would help us defeat the monarchy I felt relieved and free. Because now we were giving ourselves the chance to become a democracy, to draw  a Constitution, and make our way though life.

We decided the attack would take place with the first rays of light. The whole Assembly was there, even the nobles who had shown their support and now were leading us to our freedom from this feudal system.

It didn’t take long for us to walk in the Bastille and take the weapons, as well as our fellows. Most of them were in shock. They couldn’t believe we were finally begining a Revolution. I couldn’t belive either. When I first came to realise what was happening was when I saw the warden’s head on a pike.

This day will forever remain in history and I’m happy to be a French, and I am thrilled to be a part of this Revolution.

Causes of the French Revolution

We have been analysing the French Revolution in our History class. We were assigned as a virtual period task, the following:

To integrate the work we’ve been doing on the causes of the French Revolution, you have to draw a diagram relating all the long and short-term causes we studied. You should also rank them according to how important you think they were in the development of the revolution (you can do this in the same diagram or separately). Upload this  in your blogs by April, 28th.

Life in Eastern Europe, 1945 – 1989.

During our History class we have been seeing the Cold War. Also in Lengua, we have been reading a book about the Cold War called “De Viaje por Europa del Este” by Gabriel Garcia Marquez. During this activity we combined both subjects and we also had to look  for a sportsman, woman in our case, that defected her country during the Olympic Games.

We found information on Ute in this journals: Herald Journal, Chicago Tribune.