This is the Histagram that we did of the artist William Blake. In the following pictures you will be able to read about this character’s life, what inspired him, some of his best works, ideals and some other curiosities. The work was done together with my excellent partner Francesca Costamagna.
After reading the story, let´s work on the following ideas
- What prevents Parvez from communicating directly with his son?
He is afraid of confronting him, and finds it easier to find the answers on his friends, who speculate on possible situations that the son might be going through, which results in the worst. They prejudge him.
- What is Parvez’s dream for Ali’s future?
He wishes his son to become an accountant to fulfill his bigger dream that is to fit in the English society.
- How would you describe the personality of the following characterize:
self-centered, cares a lot of image or reputation, idealistic, doesn’t have a paternal image, etc.
b. Ali: fundamentalist, able to do anything in order to transmit his religious beliefs, even sacrificing his life and other innocent ones.
c. Bettina: She is a prostitute, who tries to help and give advice although she doesn’t have children. She interferes in Parvez and Ali relationship which might not be the best option, as it weakened their relations.
- How would you describe the following relationships?
a. Parvez and Ali at the beginning of the story: They are strangers. They live under the same roof but barely know each other. Parvez had an idealistic son but Ali showed him that he was not who he thought.
b. Parvez and Ali at the end of the story: They finally revealed their true self of each other and derived in a serious conflict, which even involved violence.
d. Parvez and Bettina: They support each other and provide company and advice. They also were involved in a sexual relationship.
e. Parvez and his coworkers: They do not have enough confidence to show themselves as they really are, and have a superficial relationship.
f. Parvez and his wife: We don’t know anything about their relationships. They don’t share anything more than a son, to whom they didn’t have a relationship either.
5.What advice does Bettina give Parvez?
To talk to him, listen and find the true side of him. Understand his teenage mind, who is going through a temporary face in his life that with time will go away.
6.What memory from Pakistan haunts Parvez?
It is a memory about his childhood when he went to school where they forced to learn the Koran, even when tiredness conquered them. This strict and insistent measures made him walk away of any type of religion.
7. What rules does Ali criticize Parvez for breaking?
Drinking alcohol & eating meat
8.Why does Parvez like England?
Because they have access to anything they want there, and doesn’t have to follow any religious beliefs that condition their lives.
9. Why does Ali hate London?
Because he believes that western education cultivates an anti-religious attitude.
- What was the “last straw” that led Parvez to violence?
When, after having excessively drunk, goes to Ali’s room and finds him praying, after all that have happened.
- What does Ali mean in the last line of the story?
By saying that, he intends to say that he is no lo reveals the truth. He was not the only fanatic. His father was also a fanatic of the Englishmen. Who hit their children when they do something they do not agree with, or they disobey their parents.
Complete the plot diagram online
Finally, choose one of the following tasks to write between 450 and 600 words
a. write a different ending of the story.
b. write a letter to Parvez showing empathy.
c. write the story from the point of view of the mother.
Always take into account context, culture and traditions!!
Task 1 and 2 must be posted in your blog and can be solved in pairs.
Task 3 is individual and must be handed in on Friday May 4 (on paper)
With Fran Costamagna and Ali Claps we created this quiz for our classmates to practice. Here is the link to our quiz.
Thou fair-hair’d angel of the evening,
Now, whilst the sun rests on the mountains, light
Thy bright torch of love; thy radiant crown
Put on, and smile upon our evening bed!
Smile on our loves, and while thou drawest the
Blue curtains of the sky, scatter thy silver dew
On every flower that shuts its sweet eyes
In timely sleep. Let thy west wind sleep on
The lake; speak silence with thy glimmering eyes,
And wash the dusk with silver. Soon, full soon,
Dost thou withdraw; then the wolf rages wide,
And then the lion glares through the dun forest:
The fleeces of our flock are cover’d with
Thy sacred dew: protect them with thin influence!
William Blake (1757-1827)
The poem is written in the form of an Ode, addressing the evening star that
appears when the sun sets in the evening. The poet seems to be overwhelmed by
the divine beauty of the evening star and he goes on to bestow encomia upon
Venus addressing it as if she would bring good luck and benediction upon the poet
and the rest of the earthlings. The overflowing of his passionate and emotionally
charged language is full of metaphors “thou fair-haired angle” etc…… The poet
seems to be ecstatic over her graceful appearance and it looks as if he has been
longing for her emergence for long. The tired and battered souls of people during
the day time are refreshed and rejuvenated by her divine power and mystic
beauty. Replacing harsh and tormenting sun that beat the world during the
daytime with the graceful balmy ambiance entailed with the emergence of the
evening star seems to have brought a soothing effect upon the poet. But he
realizes that it is very temporary and soon when the night falls she disappears into
the darkness of the night leaving the poet and the others in danger “soon full soon
dost thou withdraw”
To The Evening Star by William Blake (presentation by Luli Giambruni)
An assignment for you to work on
Answer the questions in the form of a poster and post it in your blog. Illustrate the poem with photos.
1) How does the poet address the evening star?
2) What does the poet mean by the blue curtains of the sky?
3) How does the poet say that the ambiance in the night is very calm and quiet?
4) What poetic technique does the poet use to highlight the change of darkness into silver?
5) How does the poet indicate that the evening star appears only for a short period of time?
6) What words indicate the poet’s uncertainty and fear when the star disappears?v
Before reading the poem, do research on John Milton
-What kind of writer was he? Explain.
John Milton (9 December 1608 – 8 November 1674) was an English metaphysical poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost (1667), written in blank verse.
Metaphysical poet, any of the poets in 17th-century England who inclined to the personal and intellectual complexity and concentration. Their work is a blend of emotion and intellectual ingenuity, characterized by conceit or “wit”. Metaphysical poetry is less concerned with expressing feeling than with analyzing it, with the poet exploring the recesses of his consciousness. The boldness of the literary devices used—especially obliquity, irony, and paradox—are often reinforced by a dramatic directness of language and by rhythms derived from that of living speech.
Milton’s poetry and prose reflect deep personal convictions, a passion for freedom and self-determination, and the urgent issues and political turbulence of his day. Writing in English, Latin, Greek, and Italian, he achieved international renown within his lifetime
-He wrote Paradise Lost. What is it about?
In 1667, he published Paradise Lost in 10 volumes. It is considered his greatest work and the greatest epic poem written in English. The free-verse poem tells the story of how Satan tempted Adam and Eve, and their expulsion from the Garden of Eden. In 1671, he published Paradise Regained, in which Jesus overcomes Satan’s temptations, and Samson Agonistes, in which Samson first succumbs to temptation and then redeems himself. A revised, 12-volume version of Paradise Lost was published in 1674.
-Now, read the poem and say what you understand from it using your own words. (work on vocabulary)
Now came still Evening on, and Twilight gray
Had in her sober livery all things clad;
Silence accompanied; for beast and bird,
They to their grassy couch, these to their nests
Were slunk, all but the wakeful nightingale.
She all night longer her amorous descant sung:
Silence was now pleased. Now glowed the firmament
With living Saphirs; Hesperus, that led
The starry host, rode brightest, till the Moon,
Rising in clouded majesty, at length
Apparent queen, unveiled her peerless light,
And o’er the dark her silver mantle threw;
When Adam thus to Eve: “Fair consort, the hour
Of night, and all things now retired to rest
Mind us of like repose; since God hath set
Labour and rest, as day and night, to men
Successive, and the timely dew of sleep,
Now falling with soft slumberous weight, inclines
Our eye-lids. Other creatures all day long
Rove idle, unemployed, and less need rest;
Man hath his daily work of body or mind
Appointed, which declares his dignity,
And the regard of Heaven on all his ways;
While other animals unactive range,
And of their doings God takes no account.
Tomorrow, ere fresh morning streak the east
With first approach of light, we must be risen,
And at our pleasant labour, to reform
Yon flowery arbours, yonder alleys green,
Our walk at noon, with branches overgrown,
That mock our scant manuring, and require
More hands than ours to lop their wanton growth.
Those blossoms also, and those dropping gums,
That lie bestrown, unsightly and unsmooth,
Ask riddance, if we mean to tread with ease.
John Milton (1608-1674)
The poem is an extract from the epic poem ʼParadise Lost’ where Milton explores Adam and Eve’s spectacular mucking up of a lifetime in paradise, while also giving us his insight into the primordial war between God and Satan.
In this section, we are presented with a resplendent image of dusk, which in its majesty calms and soothes the world to sleep. Milton’s Adam reflects upon the nature of day and night and basically tells us that we need to enjoy our slumber as in the day we need to be working hard to maintain the perfection of God’s creation.
As well as giving us a reflection upon this specific part of the Bible, there is a general message that permeates about how we should live our lives.
Vocabulary: livery: a special uniform worn by a servant, an official, or a member of a City Company. grassy: covered with grass. clad: archaic or literary past participle of clothe. slink (slunk): move smoothly and quietly nightingale: migratory birds of Europe, noted for the melodious song of the male, given chiefly at night during the breeding season. descant: firmament: the vault of heaven; sky. Hesperus – another name for Venus (the planet); peerless: consort: slumberous: idle: yonder: scant: lop: wanton: bestrew: riddance:
“The first 12 lines show an analogy between Evening and Paradise” Account for this.
The first 12 lines show an analogy between evening and paradise. The writes expresses that night is beautiful, it’s the time when you rest, when you are at peace. This description of the night is used to explain heaven, paradise. Both have similar features, such as resting, being at peace, being beautiful, and so the explanation of the evening is used to compare and explain heaven too; that’s why it is said to be an analogy.
Semantic field: “Day/Night – Nature – Jewels”. Quote to prove this.
-Day/night: “twiglight” “lightingale” “moon” “dark” “wakeful” “silence” “descant”
-Nature: “lightingale” “beast” “bird” “nests”
_Jewelry: “sapphires” “glowed” “hesperus” “brightest” “majesty”
Find at least three literary devices and explain the imapct on the reader. Why are they used?
- Enjambent is used to catch the reader’s attention, to keep him trapped and following the poem until the end.
- There is a very powerful analogy in the poem. There is an analogy between sleep and death. The poet is using the “night”, the “rest”, “noon” to explain a greater thing, heaven, death and afterlife. This is made because sometimes, to explain such a great and complex topic as death, it’s better to use analogies with normal, daily thing such as sleeping.
- Personification is also used in the poem. “Silence was now pleased.”. In this line we can see that there is a personification. SIlence is givene human characteristics, silence cannot be pleased.
Is the scene just protrayed as a peaceful natural scene? Could this also be a funeral scene? Account for your answers.
In my opinion, it can be seen from both point of views, since an analogy is made. The peacful natural scene could be sleeping, that could also be accositaed with death. But, now, it depends on what do you think when you think about a funeral scene. Aren’t funerals natural scenes? I think that they completely are because we are all surely going to die so it’s natural. Aren’t funerals peaceful? In my opinion they also are, maybe the person that died was suffering from a horrible disease and now she is in rest, finally tranquil.
“light” “fresh morning” “labour” “eyelids” “retire” “risen” “work”