“Ode to Autumn” by John Keats

This is the analysis we did on the poem “Ode to Autumn” by John Keats during our Literature class. I worked together with Jose Tasca.

Compare the seasons Autumn and Spring. What do they symbolize?

The spring season is usually related to rebirth. In this season all plants and animals come out of their winter sleep and  back into the bright sunlight. For some it’s the perfect seasons, because you still have that enjoyable winter chill, but also begin to feel the sun warm on your body and can see flowers growing here and there.

Autumn is the opposite of this season, related to death. Here the leaves change colours, they can become red brown and orange. They fall off the trees where children play with them. Whereas spring is the sign that Winter has already ended, autumn arrives to say he summer is finally over.

Colorful plants and green leaves versus brilliant reds and browns and falling leaves ‘“an awakening from the cold, and the end of the hot summer heat. The eager anticipation of sunny days and breezy nights, and the stark reality of a vacation ended on a high note. These are usually the things that come to mind when you try to differentiate between the two seasons of spring and autumn.

Compare the poem “Ode to Autumn” to the poem “Ode on Melancholy”

Both Ode to Autumn and Ode to Melancholy are poems written by the British Romantic poet John Keats, where he explores deep feelings towards seasons and sensations, showing nature to be somewhat perfect at peak times. In ‘Ode on Melancholy’, beauty must die; joy bids adieu; pleasure turns to poison; “aching pleasure” is a Keatsian oxymoron showing melancholy will be experienced at times. Reference to the human world is significant because it helps emphasise the importance of the natural world.

Melancholy is personified many times, for example in in stanza three, using a  goddess to show the opposition of joy and sorrow. Beauty, Joy and Pleasure show Keats’ emotions and feelings. These are the positive aspects of life. He is explaining at times everyone will feel like this, and that you can’t be sad and emotional all the time but you also can’t be “Beautiful” and “Joyous” no matter how hard you try as this does not follow nature’s course.

‘Ode to Melancholy’ describes flowers, uses colour imagery and at points enforces its beauty, while in ‘Ode to Autumn’ emphasizes the bees and flowers and all ripeness this season brings nature, which brings out positive connotations. The season of autumn seems almost relaxed and at one with the poet. Within ‘Ode on Melancholy’ there are a lot of references to death as well as dark imagery at the start of the ode as melancholy is at its peak here. “Wakeful anguish of the soul” begins a turning point in life, showing joy can arise at any moment, not everything has to remain melancholic.

‘Ode to Autumn’ also refers to the idea of death, the death of autumn. “Soft dying day” shows the changes in seasons as winter arises. Showing nature does not last forever, perfection is sometimes lost. The idea of showing nature has to take its course in order for you to live. When the beautiful season of autumn comes to an end his mood turns to melancholy which associates well with ideas portrayed in ‘Ode on Melancholy. ‘ ‘Ode to Autumn’ concentrates supercicialy on one season only, but metaphorically also deals with the cycle of life, going throughout youth, the working age, and finally the third Age, as well as in “Ode on Melancholy which also focuses on nature’s cycle as a whole.


Poster:

Song

We chose this song, because although it does not relate to all the themes in the poem, we find that as the poem it talks about Mortality, Time, Man and the Natural World.

Write a short paragraph of what Autumn means to you. What do you like doing in Autumn? Do you remember a special day in Autumn?

For us Autumn symbolizes the end of Summer, the end of fun and vacations. Less time to spend on friends and the things we most enjoy  doing. It means going back to school, the day-to-day routine. The boring at of the year. However it also represents a beautiful time of the year, full of unique colours and charming sights. We like to wander around the city and explore its brand new seasons corners. With new colours and tastes in the differents neighbourhoods.

Españolito Que Vienes al Mundo

En nuestra clase de Literatura, trabajando con mi grupo base, Euge Kenny y Tin Reynal. Analizamos un poema de Antonio Machado, “Españolito que vienes al mundo” que escribo durante la Guerra Civil Española y haciendo referencia a esta.

ANTONIO MACHADO

Antonio Cipriano José María Machado Ruiz. (Sevilla, 26 de julio de 1875 – Coillure, Francia, 22 de febrero de 1939). Poeta, dramaturgo y narrador español, poeta emblemático de la Generación del 98.

Durante los años veinte y treinta escribe teatro en colaboración con su hermano Manuel. En la Guerra Civil Machado no permanece en Madrid ya que es evacuado a Valencia en noviembre de 1936. Participa en las publicaciones republicanas y hace campaña literaria. Colabora en Hora de España y asiste al Congreso Internacional de Escritores para la Defensa de la Cultura. En 1939 marcha a Barcelona, desde donde cruza los Pirineos hasta Coillure. Allí fallece al poco tiempo de su llegada.

En la evolución poética de Antonio Machado destacan tres aspectos: el entorno intelectual de sus primeros años, marcado primero por la figura de su padre, estudioso del folclore andaluz, y después por el espíritu de la Institución Libre de Enseñanza

Españolito que vienes al mundo

Ya hay un español que quiere
vivir y a vivir empieza,
entre una España que muere
y otra España que bosteza.

Españolito que vienes
al mundo te guarde Dios.
una de las dos Españas
ha de helarte el corazón.

Un pequeño poema breve, intenso y con una carga sentimental, política, social y literaria muy propia de este poeta. Es importante señalar que el mensaje en la generación de este escritor era crucial. Sitúa perfectamente una España en la que una parte de la misma había luchado contra la otra y que, durante mucho tiempo estuvo fraccionada y enfrentada.

En la primera estrofa de este pequeño poema, el poeta nos transmite la necesidad que tiene la sociedad española por regenerarse, por seguir hacia delante y volver a tener esperanza. Sin embargo hay una denuncia expresa de una parte de esa España que es perseguida, desde el punto de vista político, y de la otra España que se ha acomodado y que no busca el mejorar, el crecer, el desarrollar algo nuevo y ser mejor.

En la segunda estrofa de este poema, el mero hecho de utilizar el diminutivo expresa esa imagen del poeta por la cual la sociedad española de ese momento sigue siendo algo infantil, algo que está en los primeros años de algo nuevo. Los habitantes del país, cada uno de ellos en particular, tiene que posicionarse y decidir qué es lo que quiera hacer y es esta misma decisión la que le va a marcar para bien y para mal, la que va hacer que sea perseguido o que mantenga un régimen que no pretende cambiar ni mejorar.

Radio programme: Our new world

This is the radio programme that we have been working on for the past weeks during our History classes. Together with Fran Costamagna, we created and interviewed to our chosen historical character William Blake. And also you can find the interviews Tota Lupi and Chopa Montoya made on Rebecca Harding Davis, and finally the one Trini Torrendell and Mati Giambruni made on Charles Dickens. Also you will find the group programme on the topic “The Arts” of the Industrial Revolution.

Synonyms to Describe People

During a Language class, our teacher asked to look up for synonyms of different vocabulary to describe peoples physical descriptions, and others. Working with Tota Lupi, Fran Costamagna and Juan Cruz Subira, this is the work we accomplished.

Descriptions: Appearance, personality, mood and tone

Pair work: choose 2 pictures and write a description connecting them. I worked with Fran Costamagna and Juan Subira. 

-Describe the places in detail

-Describe the situation (use your imagination) and the feelings of the people.

-Think about the mood.

 

My week in BaResultado de imagen para working hardriloche was the best week of my year. When I left I didn’t realize that I was going to miss on a lot of important events at work.  I got back from my trip at down on Monday. I decided that it would be best if I stopped missing out on my work, and went straight from the airport to my office. As I walked down the corridor all my coworkers came out to salute me and ask about my trip, I think they envied that I had been on vacation for the hardest working week of the year and that made me feel good in a way. When I finally got to my office, and got to see the enormous pile of work waiting for me, I could feel how my body contracted with pain, and my partners laughed at me.

 

The first thing I did was pour myself some coffee to wake me up and then I sat down and started thelongest day of work. I was so tired that I layed my head on my arms on top of all the

papers scattered around my desk to rest my eyes for a few minutes. As I closed my eyes I travelled back to bariloche and my skis. The cold wind blew on top of the mountain and the sun bathed my face with warmth. As I slide through the mountain and slid though the soft and newly fallen snow from the previous night all I could feel was joy. Nothing could concern me at the top of the mountain. The mountain was so peaceful, unlike the office were everyone is running from one place to the other, trying to get things done as quickly as possible.

I jumped from my desk as a partner shouted to me, I had fallen asleep and been caught right after arriving from a week of holidays, not a good impression the one I made that day at work.

William Blake

This is the Histagram that we did of the artist William Blake. In the following pictures you will be able to read about this character’s life, what inspired him, some of his best works, ideals and some other curiosities. The work was done together with my excellent partner Francesca Costamagna. 

My Son the Fanatic

Story: https://mseisinger.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/my-son-the-fanatic-by-hanif-kureishi.pdf

Resultado de imagen para my son the fanatic

After reading the story, let´s work on the following ideas

Task 1

  1. What prevents Parvez from communicating directly with his son?
    He is afraid of confronting him, and finds it easier to find the answers on his friends, who speculate on possible situations that the son might be going through, which results in the worst. They prejudge him.
  2. What is Parvez’s dream for Ali’s future?
    He wishes his son to become an accountant to fulfill his bigger dream that is to fit in the English society.
  3. How would you describe the personality of the following characterize:
    a. Parvez

    self-centered, cares a lot of image or reputation, idealistic, doesn’t have a paternal image, etc.

b. Alifundamentalist, able to do anything in order to transmit his religious beliefs, even sacrificing his life and other innocent ones.

c. BettinaShe is a prostitute, who tries to help and give advice although she doesn’t have children. She interferes in Parvez and Ali relationship which might not be the best option, as it weakened their relations.

  1. How would you describe the following relationships?
    a. Parvez and Ali at the beginning of the story: They are strangers. They live under the same roof but barely know each other. Parvez had an idealistic son but Ali showed him that he was not who he thought.

b. Parvez and Ali at the end of the storyThey finally revealed their true self of each other and derived in a serious conflict, which even involved violence.

d. Parvez and BettinaThey support each other and provide company and advice. They also were involved in a sexual relationship.

e. Parvez and his coworkers: They do not have enough confidence to show themselves as they really are, and have a superficial relationship.

f. Parvez and his wife: We don’t know anything about their relationships. They don’t share anything more than a son, to whom they didn’t have a relationship either.

5.What advice does Bettina give Parvez?

To talk to him, listen and find the true side of him. Understand his teenage mind, who is going through a temporary face in his life that with time will go away.

6.What memory from Pakistan haunts Parvez?
It is a memory about his childhood when he went to school where they forced to learn the Koran, even when tiredness conquered them. This strict and insistent measures made him walk away of any type of religion.

7. What rules does Ali criticize Parvez for breaking?
Drinking alcohol & eating meat

8.Why does Parvez like England?

Because they have access to anything they want there, and doesn’t have to follow any religious beliefs that condition their lives.

9. Why does Ali hate London?

Because he believes that western education cultivates an anti-religious attitude.

  1. What was the “last straw” that led Parvez to violence?

When, after having excessively drunk, goes to Ali’s room and finds him praying, after all that have happened.

  1. What does Ali mean in the last line of the story?

By saying that, he intends to say that he is no lo reveals the truth. He was not the only fanatic. His father was also a fanatic of the Englishmen. Who hit their children when they do something they do not agree with, or they disobey their parents. 

Task 2

Complete the plot diagram online

Task 3

Finally, choose one of the following tasks to write between 450 and 600 words

a. write a different ending of the story.

b. write a letter to Parvez showing empathy.

c. write the story from the point of view of the mother.

Always take into account context, culture and traditions!!

Task 1 and 2 must be posted in your blog and can be solved in pairs.

Task  3 is individual and must be handed in on Friday May 4 (on paper)